The Dictionary of Jewish Biography

By Dan Cohn-Sherbok

From Abraham to Saul Bellow, from Moses Maimonides to Woody Allen, from the Baal Shem Tov to Albert Einstein, this accomplished dictionary of Jewish biographies presents a primary aspect of access into the attention-grabbing richness of the Jewish historical past. Compiled with the help of a exclusive crew of students, theDictionary of Jewish Biographyprovides a speedy connection with the biographies of just about 4000 Jewish women and men who, over the last 4 millennia, have contributed to the lifestyles, historical past, and examine of Judaism in all its aspects. these profiled signify each stroll of lifestyles and each quarter of feat. integrated are rabbinic students, key non secular figures, religious leaders, founders of contemporary routine, significant writers, Enlightenment figures, novelists, newshounds, scientists, mystics, Israeli politicians, musicians, actors and actresses, movie stars, well-known rabbis, distinctive cantors, biblical figures, economists, architects, athletes, and radicals and heretics. every one access is through a quick bibliography. The ebook comprises a longer creation, and is the reason the factors for inclusion, and descriptions the heritage of Israel and the Jewish diaspora. This dictionary will end up crucial for basic readers drawn to the evolution of Judaism from precedent days to the current day, an ideal learn reduction for college kids and lecturers. This panoramic bibliographic survey offers a special consultant to the best figures of the prior and current.

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Eleazar ben Hananiah (fl. lst cent) Palestinian student. He was once a pace-setter of the college of Shammai. Eleazar ben Jair (fl. lst cent) Palestinian Zealot chief. After the assassination of Menahem ben Judah in sixty six, he led Jewish forces to the fort of Masada and held it for seven years. while it used to be surrounded by means of the Romans, he persuaded the Jews to kill each other instead of be captured. Eleazar ben Judah of Worms [Rokeah, Eleazar] (c. 1165-c. 1230) German talmudist, kabbalist and liturgical poet. Born in Mainz, he spent so much of his existence in Worms. He witnessed the homicide by means of crusaders of his spouse and kids. He released works on halakhah, liturgical poetry, theology, ethics and exegesis. His Sepher ha-Rokeah used to be meant to coach the typical reader within the info of halakhic legislation. He was once the final significant student of the Haside Ashkenaz circulation. Eleazar ben Parta (fl. second cent) Palestinian tanna. He was once one of many sages arrested via the Romans for contravening Hadrian's decree forbidding the general public educating of Torah and observance of the commandments. even though the offence carried the demise penalty, he was once miraculously brought from execution. Eleazar ben Arakh (fl. lst cent) Palestinian tanna. He used to be the main extraordinary of the interior circle of the 5 disciples of Johanan ben Zakkai. He engaged in mystical hypothesis about the divine chariot ('merkavah'). He later settled in Emmaus. Eleazar ben Pedat (fl. Srd cent) Palestinian amora. He was once born in Babylonia and settled in Palestine. After the demise of Johanan in 279, he was once appointed head of the council in Tiberias. He used to be an enormous exponent of the oral legislation and a prolific aggadist. Eleazar ben Azariah (fl. 1st-2nd cent) Palestinian tanna. He traced his ancestry again ten generations to Ezra. while Rabban Gamaliel II was once quickly deposed as nasi, Eleazar ben Azariah used to be selected to be successful him; the college of Jabneh, the centre of Eleazar ben Shammua (fl. second cent) Palestinian tanna. He was once one of many final scholars of Akiva. After Simeon Bar Kokhba's riot (132—5), he used to be ordained through Judah ben Bava. numerous of his teachings have been integrated into the Mishnah through ELIEZER BEN JOEL HA-LEVI [RABIYAH] (1140-1225) his student Judah ha-Nasi. he's integrated one of the Ten Martyrs of the Hadrianic persecutions. Eleazar ben Simeon (i) (fl. lst cent) Palestinian Zealot chief. He performed a tremendous position within the conflict opposed to Cestius Gallus. He used to be answerable for the access of the Idumeans to Jerusalem and the following bloodbath of the competitors of the Zealots. He fought opposed to John of Giscala till the start of the siege of town by way of Titus. Eleazar ben Simeon (ii) (fl. 2d cent) Palestinian tanna. He used to be the son of Simeon ben Yohai, with whom he escaped from the Romans via hiding in a cave for thirteen years. He engaged in halakhic controversy with Judah ha-Nasi in addition to in halakhic and aggadic discussions with different students. He finally permitted a place within the Roman management as an reputable liable for the apprehension of thieves and robbers.

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